One would have wondered how the world would have been without the emergence of science, which gives room for consistent innovation of different technologies. It is no longer news that the world as a global village is increasing in population, hence there is need for adequate food production.
Technology is no doubt the replacement of human labor and a contributive factor to higher productivity with little human effort in production. Robot as a new trend in technology has been used globally most especially in the manufacturing industries to increase their daily output without much stress. Robot is not only needed in the manufacturing industries, its importance cut across all sectors including agriculture. The importance of robot in agriculture cannot be overemphasize. Just like driverless tractors, improved seedlings, incubators, among others has increased agricultural yields, so is robot aim at achieving that within a stipulated time depending on the farmland.
The use of Robot in the farmland is getting recognition across the globe, take for example the Harper Adams university, they are taking the farm autonomy idea seriously, they have made exploit using automation in planting and harvesting one and half acre of barley. They further developed ideas using the Hands Free hectare project, in which no human set their foot on the farmland during the period of planting and harvesting, and this was purely done by robots.
A robot is a machine that looks like human which is capable of carrying out duties without emotions, and has capacity of moving independently without assistance.
Agricultural robot makes use of different applications in other to perform a designated task within the farmland. There are certain task robot are used for in agriculture and they include:
Among the task identified, harvesting and picking is one of the most popular application used in agriculture because of the speed and accuracy robot uses in improving the size of yields and reducing waste in the farmland. There are however innovative ways the agricultural industries are using this technology to improve their productions yields. Take for example Taylor's farms in the Salinas valley, U.S.A. they have made a conscious effort of dropping agricultural workers because in the farmland, robot wielding water knives cut lettuce heads and collect them afterwards. The only work of human now is to separate the good produce from the bad ones.
The use of robot in agriculture is an emerging innovation that is geared towards increasing productivity to feed the world growing population. However, the main robotic application today in agriculture is at the harvesting stage, which is expected to cut across other areas in agriculture in years to come.